Gender on Memorials
Looking at the way people are described on memorials can give us an idea of how they were viewed by society in life and death.
In nineteenth-century Britain only two genders were socially accepted, and there was a strict divide between them.
In the section of St James' Cemetery analysed, slightly more males are commemorated on gravestones than females, but this is consistent with the fact that slightly more males than females were buried at the cemetery in total.
Women (over 20 years old) are more likely to be described in relation to someone else than men - such as being described as "wife" or "mother".
Male infants (under 2 years old), however, are more likely to be referred to as "son", than female infants are as "daughter".
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